Healthcare Professionals Can Turn to Meditation to Improve loneliness and sleep.


Study shows Heartfulness Meditation helps improve loneliness and sleep during the Covid-19 pandemic

Hyderabad, 21st April 2021: Unprecedented work pressures and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic may worsen loneliness and sleep problems in health-care professionals. But a recent study has shown that Heartfulness Meditation has helped improve loneliness and sleep. The study was conducted by Jayaram Thimmapuram, Robert Pargament, Theodore Bell and Holly Schurk of the WellSpan Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, York, PA; and Divya K. Madhusudhan of the Harvard Medical School, Department of Graduate Medical Education, Boston, MA.

Commenting on the study, Dr. Jayaram Thimmapuram Academic Hospitalist, Internal Medicine, WellSpan York Hospital, York, USA said, “It is one of the first attempts to assess loneliness and sleep problems among physicians and advance practice providers during COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.  A significant burden of loneliness and sleep problems were identified. An improvement of sleep and loneliness was noted with the practice of Heartfulness meditation.”

Heartfulness Meditation is a simple heart-based meditation system aimed at attaining a balanced state of mind. A prior study assessing the benefits of Heartfulness meditation practice on resident physicians, nurses and faculty physicians demonstrated improved burnout and emotional wellness along with increased telomere length in a younger subset of population. In patients with chronic insomnia, this practice was associated with favourable outcomes

The objective of this study was to investigate if a brief, virtual, heart-based meditation program via audio relaxation techniques through a Heartfulness trainer leads to measurable changes in improvement of sleep and perception of loneliness in physicians and advance practice providers.

Out of 1,535 eligible participants who were surveyed, 155 enrolled in the study. Sample size was determined by convenience sampling. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Based on a prior study conducted for physicians and advance practice providers within the same organization. All participants were requested to fill out UCLA loneliness and PSQI survey forms prior to randomization. Participants were subjected to computerized randomization. No other intervention was added during the study period.

For any questions related to the study, a Heartfulness trainer was available throughout the study duration. The intervention was virtual with no physical contact with participants during the study period.

All participants in the Heartfulness Meditation group were invited for an orientation session on the aspects of the study and the structure of the meditation protocol. Participants were also briefed about expectations during meditation sessions

Of the 155 enrolled participants, close to a 100 had completed the study, indicating a high attrition rate. The attrition rates in the Heartfulness group were higher compared to the control group. 60–63% in the Heartfulness group completed both pre- and post-intervention surveys as compared to 80–86% of the participants in the control group

The study highlights the significant burden of loneliness and sleep problems among physicians and advance practice providers during COVID-19 with one in two participants feeling lonely and more than nine out of ten having sleep problems. Interestingly, younger participants aged 30 and under had higher loneliness and sleep problems.

Further, as compared to a study conducted in 2018 using a 3-point loneliness questionnaire that showed a prevalence of loneliness in physicians at 43%, the current study reported a higher prevalence among physicians at 47.8%. Although it is difficult to ascribe any of the results to COVID-19 pandemic, increase in loneliness prevalence was notable.

Heartfulness intervention resulted in greater improvements in sleep quality and perception of loneliness when compared with the control group. The findings of this study are consistent with the conclusion of other studies reporting mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programs and other meditation practices for loneliness and sleep to have demonstrated favourable outcomes.

This study adds to the body of literature supporting the benefits of Heartfulness practice as reported by some of the previous studies utilizing Heartfulness meditation where changes have been noted in heart rate variability, electroencephalography in adults, and improved emotional well-being in school age children.

About Heartfulness Institute: Heartfulness, is a Raja Yoga system of meditation, which is also known as ‘Sahaj Marg’, or the ‘Natural Path’. It originated at the turn of the twentieth century and was formalized with the founding of the Shri Ram Chandra Mission in 1945 in India. With several million practitioners worldwide, Heartfulness meditation is a set of practices for self-development that help us find inner calm and stillness in our fast-paced world. The easily adopted practices are appropriate for people from all walks of life, cultures, religious beliefs and economic status, over the age of fifteen. Ongoing Heartfulness meditation training can be found at thousands of schools and colleges, and over 100,000 professionals are meditating in corporations, non-governmental and government bodies worldwide. More than 5000 Heartfulness Centres, known as HeartSpots, are supported by many thousands of certified volunteer trainers in 160 countries.

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